How to watch the Artemis 1 mission lift off to the moon

Meet Commander Moonikin Campos, Artemis I Mannequin

From Saturday morning until Monday morning’s launch, it turned to CNN for live coverage from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Space reporters Kristin Fisher and Rachel Crane will join a team of experts to bring us live coverage of the launch.

Instead of astronauts, a mannequin named Commander Moonikin Campos will helm the Orion spacecraft, with two mannequin torsos called Helga and Zohar.

The Artemis program aims to land the first woman and first person of color on the moon, and eventually send astronauts to Mars.

The first mission will test the new Space Launch System rocket, the Orion spacecraft and multiple components designed to make human deep space travel safer.

The mannequins in the spacecraft with enviable lunar views may sound like some kind of joke, but the three passengers will act as canaries in the space coal mine.

Orion will fly 40,000 miles (64,373 kilometers) past the Moon, breaking the record set by Apollo 13 and going further than any spacecraft intended to carry people.

That’s a far cry from the low-Earth orbit of the International Space Station around Earth. Future Orion astronauts will be exposed to deep space radiation — especially as they venture longer on the Moon and set off for Mars.

Munikin’s Mission

Commander Moonikin Campos’ name was chosen through an open competition and is a tribute to Arturo Campos, manager of NASA’s electrical subsystems, who worked in The troubled Apollo 13 returned safely to Earth. A mannequin wearing an Orion Crew Survival System suit can collect data about what future human crew members may experience.
Commander Moonikin Campos will test flight suits designed for future astronauts.

Designed for Artemis astronauts, the suit can be worn during launch and reentry and features two radiation sensors.

It can sustain a crew member for up to six days in the event of a space emergency, It’s something that has never been attempted before, said Dustin Gohmert, project manager for the Orion Crew Survival System at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston.

“You can almost think of it as a personalized spaceship — a secondary but more personalized spaceship that protects the crew, provides them with pressure, oxygen, cooling and whatever else lneeded for life-sustaining functions,” Gommert said.

The dummy was drop-tested in the new seat to simulate the environment of the Orion spacecraft.

With new safety features, the Moonikin Campos Commander’s seat resembles that of a racing car, forming a cocoon around its occupants, he said. The seats have shock absorbers to prevent landing in rough seas or other conditions.

Phantom Twins

Twin models Helga and Zohar have a separate mission. The two torsos are based on phantoms and are used in radiation treatment planning in hospitals, said Thomas Berger, principal investigator for Helga and Zohar at the German Aerospace Center.

Phantom Helga and Zohar will experience deep space radiation inside Orion.

Both models are made of materials that mimic female soft tissues, organs and bones.Their epoxy form even resembles Human lung and brain tissue Test how radiation passes through the human body.

Snoopy, mannequins and Apollo 11 items will swing on the moon aboard Artemis 1

The torso has more than 5,600 sensors and 34 radiation detectors to measure the radiation exposure that occurs in different organs during the mission.

The mannequins are part of the Matroshka AstroRad Radiation Experiment, or MARE, a collaboration between the German Aerospace Center, Israel Space Agency, NASA and several national agencies.

Zohar will wear AstroRad, a radiation-resistant vest, to test how well it works if future crews encounter a solar storm, while Helga will be left unprotected.

The AstroRad vest was tested on the International Space Station in January 2020.

Solar storms unleashed by the sun can last for days or weeks. AstroRad’s developers hope the vest will allow future Artemis crews to continue their daily activities in space weather conditions. The vest is made of thousands of shielding cores that protect vital human organs from solar particles.

against space radiation

Different organs have different sensitivities to space radiation, says Ramona Gaza, MARE science team leader at Johnson Space Center.

Why NASA is returning to the moon with Artemis I after 50 years

The MARE project aims to Measures differences between the responses of specific organs, such as the brain, to radiation.

Previously, different radiation exposure limits have been set for astronauts on the space station.

Gaza said a June 2021 report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine proposed a new standard limit of 600 millisieverts of radiation over the course of a career for all astronauts, regardless of age or sex. Eph.

“Millisievert measures the health effects of low-dose ionizing radiation on humans,” the report said.

Results from sensors on Artemis I, including those from the new suit, could provide data for future missions.

Not all scientists, Gaza said, had taken up previous studies that showed differences in how men and women responded differently to radiation.

Data returned by the Artemis I mission could have implications for the standard limits for male and female astronauts.

Artemis I will take the first biological experiment into deep space

“The United States of America is half men and half women. Well, at least that’s how space should be,” said Reed Wiseman, director of the astronaut office at the Johnson Space Center. “So if we can’t make these spacecraft fair, and we can’t make Any type of person riding them, then we need to look at our system and reassess.”

Meanwhile, NASA astronauts are doing what they can to prepare for the Artemis mission by training in virtual reality situations and environments that simulate lunar conditions, he said.

The agency hopes to announce later this year that the Artemis II crew will lead astronauts on a similar trip around the moon, according to Wiseman. Artemis II is expected to launch in 2024.

“To me, it’s just the most awesome moment we’ve ever had at NASA,” Wiseman said.

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