From Saturday morning until Monday morning’s launch, it turned to CNN for live coverage from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Space reporters Kristin Fisher and Rachel Crane will join a team of experts to bring us live coverage of the launch.
Instead of astronauts, a mannequin named Commander Moonikin Campos will helm the Orion spacecraft, with two mannequin torsos called Helga and Zohar.
The Artemis program aims to land the first woman and first person of color on the moon, and eventually send astronauts to Mars.
The first mission will test the new Space Launch System rocket, the Orion spacecraft and multiple components designed to make human deep space travel safer.
The mannequins in the spacecraft with enviable lunar views may sound like some kind of joke, but the three passengers will act as canaries in the space coal mine.
Orion will fly 40,000 miles (64,373 kilometers) past the Moon, breaking the record set by Apollo 13 and going further than any spacecraft intended to carry people.
That’s a far cry from the low-Earth orbit of the International Space Station around Earth. Future Orion astronauts will be exposed to deep space radiation — especially as they venture longer on the Moon and set off for Mars.
Designed for Artemis astronauts, the suit can be worn during launch and reentry and features two radiation sensors.
It can sustain a crew member for up to six days in the event of a space emergency, It’s something that has never been attempted before, said Dustin Gohmert, project manager for the Orion Crew Survival System at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston.
“You can almost think of it as a personalized spaceship — a secondary but more personalized spaceship that protects the crew, provides them with pressure, oxygen, cooling and whatever else lneeded for life-sustaining functions,” Gommert said.
With new safety features, the Moonikin Campos Commander’s seat resembles that of a racing car, forming a cocoon around its occupants, he said. The seats have shock absorbers to prevent landing in rough seas or other conditions.
Twin models Helga and Zohar have a separate mission. The two torsos are based on phantoms and are used in radiation treatment planning in hospitals, said Thomas Berger, principal investigator for Helga and Zohar at the German Aerospace Center.
Both models are made of materials that mimic female soft tissues, organs and bones.Their epoxy form even resembles Human lung and brain tissue Test how radiation passes through the human body.
The torso has more than 5,600 sensors and 34 radiation detectors to measure the radiation exposure that occurs in different organs during the mission.
Zohar will wear AstroRad, a radiation-resistant vest, to test how well it works if future crews encounter a solar storm, while Helga will be left unprotected.
Solar storms unleashed by the sun can last for days or weeks. AstroRad’s developers hope the vest will allow future Artemis crews to continue their daily activities in space weather conditions. The vest is made of thousands of shielding cores that protect vital human organs from solar particles.
against space radiation
Different organs have different sensitivities to space radiation, says Ramona Gaza, MARE science team leader at Johnson Space Center.
The MARE project aims to Measures differences between the responses of specific organs, such as the brain, to radiation.
Previously, different radiation exposure limits have been set for astronauts on the space station.
“Millisievert measures the health effects of low-dose ionizing radiation on humans,” the report said.
Not all scientists, Gaza said, had taken up previous studies that showed differences in how men and women responded differently to radiation.
Data returned by the Artemis I mission could have implications for the standard limits for male and female astronauts.
“The United States of America is half men and half women. Well, at least that’s how space should be,” said Reed Wiseman, director of the astronaut office at the Johnson Space Center. “So if we can’t make these spacecraft fair, and we can’t make Any type of person riding them, then we need to look at our system and reassess.”
Meanwhile, NASA astronauts are doing what they can to prepare for the Artemis mission by training in virtual reality situations and environments that simulate lunar conditions, he said.
The agency hopes to announce later this year that the Artemis II crew will lead astronauts on a similar trip around the moon, according to Wiseman. Artemis II is expected to launch in 2024.
“To me, it’s just the most awesome moment we’ve ever had at NASA,” Wiseman said.