Now, images captured by the Webb telescope show its giant storms, auroras and faint rings in greater detail.
“We’ve never seen Jupiter like this. It’s all pretty incredible,” said planetary astronomer Imke de Pater, professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. “To be honest, we really didn’t expect it to be this good,” she added in a statement.
As part of an international collaboration, Depeter led the observations of Jupiter with Thierry Fouché, a professor at the Paris Observatory.The photos were taken in July and released by NASA on Monday, NASA Call They are “big news from a huge planet”.
NASA releases first image of James Webb Space Telescope
“It’s really remarkable that we can see details of Jupiter and its rings, tiny moons and even galaxies in one image,” Depeter said in the statement.
The $10 billion telescope is named after James E. Webb, who ran the then fledgling NASA from 1961 to 1968. The telescope is an international collaborative project led by NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency, and will open in 2021.
In July, NASA released the first set of full-color images and data acquired by the revolutionary telescope, revealing a gleaming cosmic display of colliding galaxies and dying stars.
The two images of Jupiter released this week, a composite of several Webb images, were taken by the telescope’s near-infrared camera, which has an infrared filter that shows Jupiter in detail. Because infrared light cannot be seen by the human eye, the image was artificially colored to convert it into the visible spectrum, making Jupiter’s features stand out, NASA said.Image processed by citizen scientists Judy Schmidt.
Check out the bright waves, swirls and swirls in Jupiter’s atmosphere – and the system of dark rings, a million times dimmer than the planet! Jupiter’s two moons, one of which is only about 12 miles (20 kilometers) in diameter, are on the left. pic.twitter.com/o7XYOMdsq5
— NASA Webb Telescope (@NASAWebb) August 22, 2022
Unlike Earth, Jupiter doesn’t have a solid surface, but is a gas giant made mostly of hydrogen and helium. It was thought to have the same basic composition as a star, but never grew large enough to ignite. It also has several rings, but unlike Saturn’s, they are dimmer and made of space dust rather than ice.
In a wide-angle view, the new image shows Jupiter with its faint rings and two small moons called Amaltea and Adrastea.
“This image summarizes the science of our Jupiter System program, which studies the dynamics and chemistry of Jupiter itself, its rings and its satellite system,” said astronomer Fouchet.
Take a cosmic journey in images captured by NASA’s Webb Telescope
Jupiter’s day is about 10 hours long, and it has at least 50 moons. The largest of the four, Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto, were first observed in 1610 by the Italian physicist Galileo Galilei.
The images also capture Jupiter’s iconic Great Red Spot, which appears white in the photo because it reflects sunlight, NASA said. The Great Red Spot is a storm larger than Earth that has wreaked havoc for centuries.
In a seemingly new era of space exploration, NASA also said last week that it has identified 13 candidate landing zones on Earth’s moon as it prepares to send astronauts back to the moon under its Artemis program.
This will be the first mission to bring a crew back to the lunar surface since the Apollo missions from 1969 to 1972, and will include The first woman and person of color to set foot on the moon.
Meanwhile, an audio clip, dubbed the Black Hole Remix, shared by NASA this weekend sparked awe. The audio was edited for humans to hear and amplified, but NASA said the sound came from a galaxy cluster about 240 million light-years away, breaking the misconception that there is no sound in space.
The misconception that there is no sound in space stems from the fact that most space is a vacuum and cannot allow sound waves to travel. A galaxy cluster contains so much gas that we already pick up actual sounds. Here it is amplified and mixed with other data, a black hole is heard! pic.twitter.com/RobcZs7F9e
— NASA Exoplanets (@NASAExoplanets) August 21, 2022