Space

Did the Webb Telescope overturn the Big Bang Theory?

“The first results from the James Webb Space Telescope appear to indicate that within the first 250 million years after the Big Bang, giant luminous galaxies have formed,” the report said. sky and telescope.

“If confirmed, this would seriously challenge current cosmological thinking.”

Shortly after NASA released Webb’s first scientific data, the astronomical preprint server arXiv was flooded with papers claiming to have detected galaxies so distant that it took about 13.5 billion years for their light to reach us. Many of these appear to be larger than the standard cosmological models that describe the composition and evolution of the universe. “We found these monsters in the first few images, and that worries me a little bit,” said cosmologist Richard Ellis (UCL).

The reported redshift must be confirmed by spectroscopy before the community can accept these claims.Mark McCawlin, senior scientific adviser to the European Space Agency (Webb’s main partner), commented on Twitter: “I believe some of them will [confirmed]but I’m equally sure they won’t all be. […] It does feel a bit like a sugar grab right now. “

Ellis agrees: “It’s one thing to publish a paper on arXiv,” he said, “but it’s quite another to turn it into a lasting article in a peer-reviewed journal.”
Since 1991, science writer Eric Lerner has been arguing that the Big Bang never happened. Now 75, he wrote:
In a slew of technical astronomy papers published online since July 12, the authors report time and time again that the images show a surprising number of galaxies that are surprisingly smooth, surprisingly small, and surprisingly small. ancient. Lots of surprises, not necessarily pleasant ones. The title of a paper begins with a frank exclamation: “Panic!”

Why do JWST images panic cosmologists? What theory’s predictions do they contradict? The newspapers didn’t actually say that. What these papers don’t report is the fact that the JWST’s image blatantly and repeatedly contradicts the Big Bang hypothesis, that the universe began 14 billion years ago in an incredibly hot, dense state, and has been expanding. Because the hypothesis has been defended by the vast majority of cosmology theorists as the unquestionable truth for decades, the new data is spooking those theorists. “Right now, I find myself waking up at three in the morning,” said astronomer Alison Kirkpatrick of the University of Kansas in Lawrence.Wondering if everything I did was wrong…”

Even galaxies with greater brightness and mass than our own Milky Way are two to three times smaller in these images than similar images observed with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and the new galaxies also have two To a redshift of three times is not at all what is expected of an expanding universe, but it is exactly what my colleague Ricardo Scarpa and I predicted based on a non-expanding universe, where redshift is proportional to distance… [T]The galaxies shown by JWST are the same size as our nearby galaxies, if Assuming the universe is not expanding, the redshift is proportional to the distance…

Big bang theorists do expect to see galaxies devastated by many collisions or mergers. What the JWST actually shows are extremely smooth disks and neat spiral forms like we see in galaxies today. The data article in “Panic!” suggests that smooth spiral galaxies are about “10 times larger” than theoretically predicted, which “will challenge our idea that mergers are a very common process.” In simple language, this data completely destroys the merger theory…

According to the Big Bang theory, the most distant galaxies in the JWST image were seen only 40-500 million years after the origin of the universe. However, some galaxies have shown populations of stars older than a billion years. Since nothing could have originated before the Big Bang, the existence of these galaxies suggests that the Big Bang didn’t happen…

While Big Bang theorists were shocked and panicked by these new results, Ricardo and I (and a few others) were not. In fact, a week before the JWST images were released, we published a paper online detailing exactly what the images would show. We can do this with confidence as more and more various data over the years contradict the big bang hypothesis…

According to the published literature, the Big Bang has now made 16 false predictions and only one correct prediction – the abundance of deuterium, the isotope of hydrogen.
Thanks to Slashdot reader magzteel for sharing the article.

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